I need to write a speech for History. I only really want why Germany was to blame. Please no exaggeration and please get your facts right!THANK YOU!!!I will choose the best answer today!!!
Germany was at trouble with many nations – Russia, France and Britain.Germany was not responsible for the First World War; rather, of the initial combatants in WWI they bear equal if not lesser blame.It is fair enough to argue that Kaiser Wilhelm II harboured expansionist aims and through seeking a large navy and following a militaristic Weltpolitik, he alienated Great Britain and Russia; furthermore, his failure to resign the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia in 1894 allowed France to slink back from its diplomatic isolation that Bismarck had crafted between 1871 and 1890. Germany, though, was NOT seeking a war (even a limited one) with any of the European powers at the time. Kaiser Wilhelm, like a child playing with toy soldiers, revelled in the concept of sabre-rattling and trying to overcompensate for his own non-martial skills; thus, his blank cheque to Austria.FRANCE, however, bears far more responsibility for scaling up the pressure and international mobilization in the weeks leading up to WWI. Kaiser Wilhelm tried to reign in Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria and Czar Nicholas II; France, however, worked feverishly behind the scenes to arrange a multi-lateral attack on Germany in retaliation for the Franco-Prussian War, and did in fact encourage Russia to mobilize BEFORE Germany. Of the four initial Great Powers involved (Germany, France, Russia, and Austria) German armies mobilized LAST. Austria and Russia are more to blame, and France, therefore, bears more responsibility. The First World War can thus be seen in this light as simply revenge (on their part at least) for the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71.In all fairness, however, one must truly argue that ALL the Great Powers, caught up in nationalistic, self-aggrandizing, imperialistic and militaristic policies, slid irrevocably into a horrible morass of death and destruction. The desire to pinpoint blame and attach that to one country or another comes, it seems, not from a true attempt to legally and logically assess the causes and consequences, but rather to allow us to frame such horrific and ultimately futile wanton destruction in a morally acceptable framework: “Yes, it was a horrible and meaningless war, but WE didn’t start it.” Unfortunately, they ALL did. From about 1920-60 most German historians would broadly have agreed with the conventional American view on this question. In 1961, however, the German historian, Fritz Fischer, after a careful study of the German and Austro-Hungarian archives, came to the conclusion that the German General Staff had indeed plunged Europe into war in 1914. In Vienna there were doves as well as hawks. Serbia accepted most of the points in the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum, and the doves argued very persuasively in favour of acceptance. The consternation of the German General Staff knew no bounds and it immediately used its considerable influence to strengthen the position of the hawks. Fischer concludes that the government of Austria-Hungary was placed under massive pressure to escalate the crisis instead of defusing it.Fritz Fischer stresses that he doesn’t accept the Versailles “war guilt clause”, which treated every German man, woman and child as responsible. He places the blame on the German General Staff, which wasn’t under effective political control, but almost a rival government within Germany, at least in matters of defence and foreign policy.Many reputable German historians accept some version of this view, and Fritz Fischer was awarded the Bundesverdienstkreuz,1. Klasse (Federal Order of Merit, 1st Class). He is respected and not regarded as some zany outsider. Over the years one of the main criticisms to emerge is that he paid insufficient attention to underlying tensions.
Germany was the real power in Europe at the time and had Kaiser William exercised a degree of moderation when the Austrian-Hungarian Kaiser asked for Germany’s support in Austria’s planned attack on Serbia then perhaps a World War could have been avoided.
Serbia had an alliance with Russia, which the Russians had already stated that they would honor should Austria invaded Serbia. Austria secured Germany’s support to counter the Russian Serbian alliance. However France had an alliance with Russia, and France choose to warn Germany of any action against Russia. Britain had a treaty with Belgium.
Personally I can not place the blame of WW1 upon Germany, I do believe that Kaiser WIlliam II had an opportunity to moderate the conflict with Serbia had he refused to support the Austrian Emperor. It was apparent to the entire world that the Austrians had been wronged and that Serbia needed to be punished. But the rest of the heads of state in Europe also had that opportunity. It was simply that the Germany Kaiser was not well liked amongst the royal family.
One major reason was that Germany lost.
The various treaties and entanglement between then various powers almost made the war ineviable.
The conflict opened with the Austro-Hungarian invasion of Serbia, followed by the German invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg and France; and a Russian attack against Germany.
When the war was over Austro-Hungry no longer existed, nor did the Otterman Empire or for that matter Russia which had become the Soviet Union. Someone had to be blamed for the war. It couldn’t be England or France they had won. The only country left that could be blamed was Germany.
Simplest answer: because the victors write the history.
In truth, all of the principal powers (Russia, Austria, France, & Britain) shared in the blame with Germany.
The crisis was mainly between Austria & Russia with regards to the assassination of the Austrian ruler of Serbia. Russia saw it as their duty to support their fellow Slavs in Serbia. Both she & Austria decided to play a game of brinksmanship, each pressuring the other to act before a certain deadline.
Clearer heads could’ve avoided the issue altogether by simply calling all the parties to the bargaining table. Unfortunately, no one was particularly interested in derailing the explosive situation. The crisis point came to a head on a Friday in July 1914. Demands & deadlines were made but just about every leading nation’s foreign secretaries (i.e their ‘state departments’) decided to let the clock run out & not do anything to get in the way of the weekend break.
Generally, the leading nations had been working on their various war machines & had been eager to try them out against their rivals. Each figured he had the winning army & it was just a matter of letting it loose to finish off the other guy. The situation w/ Serbia seemed like a good excuse as any to simply settle long-standing issues between the tri-party block of Britain, France, & Russia against Germany & Austria.
As Germany was seen as the principal industrial threat to Britain, France, & Russia, and since the Kaiser had basically made the entire German military available for the use of Austria in its war against Russia, the victors singled out Germany in the history books as THE power most responsible for the war. German excesses on the battlefield as well as invading neutral Belgium didn’t help the German PR campaign either.
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