Newswise – Boise State University researchers have created a new vaccine that shows high promise in preventing Staphylococcus aureus , a bacterium that can cause a range of illnesses such as skin infections and pneumonia.
Each year, nearly 500,000 Americans are admitted to hospitals for staph infections. Research shows that more than 50 percent of those are from methicillin-resistant S. aureus, or MRSA, which is resistant to current antibiotics.
Boise State biology scientists created a vaccine that uses a cholera toxin molecule called A2/B chimera, which also contains an iron-regulated surface determinant from S. aureus, that was given to mice through the nose. The researchers believed that these stable chimeric molecules with unique binding properties would provide immunity to staph infections. The results supported this theory and showed that the new vaccine could induce significant immunity to staph in mice when delivered through the nose.